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Welcome to the Beograd FIR/ACC page. Here you will find information and procedures for operating inside Beograd FIR/ACC, Kosovo Air Safety Zone and its airports.
Please use the above slider to browse through the pages.
Please bear in mind that the Departure, Airport and Arrival Information pages contain general information and that you are required to check the charts to get information on specific procedures required for operating from/to our airports.

Lower Airspace
CTA FL285 Class C
CTA FL195 Unclassified
Lower limit
Lower Airspace
UTA FL660 Class C
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- Altimeter set: hPa
- TRANSITION ALTITUDE for all airports in Beograd FIR is the same and it is 10 000 ft (3050 m).
- TRANISTION LEVEL is provided by approach control and it is calculated according to the following table:

Transition Level by QNH
QNH (hPa) 940-976 977-1012 1013-1049 1050-1086

- QNH for arriving traffic will be given by approach ATC together with the first clearance for descent below transition level.
- QNH for departing traffic will be given by tower ATC the latest with taxi clearance.
- On pilot's request, QFE will be given, too.

      Frequencies within Beograd ACC approved by VATEUD

Station Frequency
Beograd Center LYBA_CTR 123.77 MHz
Beograd North Center LYBA_N_CTR 120.42 MHz
Beograd South Center LYBA_S_CTR 129.02 MHz
Beograd Adriatic Center LYBA_A_CTR 129.22 MHz
Beograd Approach / Radar LYBE_APP 119.10 MHz
Beograd Tower LYBE_TWR 118.10 MHz
Podgorica Approach LYPG_APP 118.70 MHz
Podgorica Tower LYPG_TWR 118.20 MHz
Tivat Tower LYTV_TWR 118.00 MHz
Nis Approach / Tower LYNI_APP 129.32 MHz
Vrsac Approach LYVR_APP 129.05 MHz
Vrsac Tower LYVR_TWR 118.60 MHz
Batajnica Approach / Tower LYBT_APP 124.77 MHz

SSR codes to be used within Beograd ACC approved by VATEUD

# Codes # Octals Code range
32 4 5310 - 5347

SSR codes for each airport and center approved by VATEUD

Airport / Center ICAO code Code range
Beograd Center LYBA 5310 - 5317
Airport Beograd LYBE 5330 - 5347
Airport Podgorica LYPG 5320 - 5322
Airport Tivat LYTV 5323 - 5325
Airport Nis LYNI 5326 - 5327

Getting a clearance...

Airports in Belgrade FIR/ACC do not have ATIS and Delivery ATC Stations. Also, all airports except Belgrade (LYBE) when LVP in progress, do not have Ground ATC Stations. All ground operations are to be coordinated with Tower. When departing, there are two ways ways of getting ATC clearance. They are listed below.

  1. Departing traffic first requests departure information, reporting only callsign, parking position and destination.
    "Beograd tower good afternoon, JAT686, stand alpha 6, destination Tivat, request departure information".
    Pilots should expect the whole weather report and information about active runway in use in the readback given by the controller. After receiving the inofmration, pilots can ask for ATC clearance.

  2. Departing traffic who's crew is not interested in hearing the whole weather report may request clearance, start up and if need pushback / powerback procedure on initial contact, reporting again only callsing, parking position and destination.
    " Beograd tower good afternoon, JAT686, stand alpha 6, destination Tivat, request clearance, start up and pushback / powerback".
    Pilots should expect the QNH and information about active runway in use together with the ATC clearance, in the readback given by the controller.

Pushing back and Engine Start...

There are no special procedures for pushing back and starting engines on airports inside Belgrade FIR/ACC. When ready, ask for push back and startup and note the direction of pushback and possible information about other traffic. Depending on traffic, your push may be delayed or you may be instructed to pushback after a traffic passes behind. Listen to the transmissions carefully!


There are no special procedures for taxiing on airports inside Belgrade FIR/ACC. When ready, ask for taxi and note the routing given. Observe ground charts and parking maps for airport specific information, such as takeoff distances, airport obstacles and wingspan limitations.


When approaching the holding point you will be given instructions to hold short of the runway, line up on it, or a takeoff clearance instruction. Pay close attention to conditional clearances where line-up is only allowed after a traffic is landed. On some airports, you may be asked if ready for an immediate takeoff. This means that you should start moving and line-up/takeoff as soon as you can from the moment you received the clearance. This requires all checklists and procedures to already be done. If you are not ready just tell the controller.

And you are away!

Once airborne, you will be transferred to a departure controller. Depending on airport you are departing from, you may be given a direct-to, radar vectors, or just a "continue departure" instruction. Do not climb through the initial SID or given altitude. Speed is restricted to 250kts below transition altitude unless instructed otherwise by the controller.

Leaving the airways...

Welcome to the terminal airspace of Belgrade FIR/ACC's airports! Before reaching the STAR entry point, you will be given arrival instructions. Depending on airport you are arriving to and traffic, this can be a STAR, radar vectoring or a direct-to approach instruction. Pay close attention to descent instructions and their limitations. Do not descend below instructed altitude.

Descending below Transition Level...

You will be given descent instructions together with the QNH and TL and any speed restrictions. Unless stated otherwise, you are required to reduce speed to 250kts below 10 000ft.


Pay close attention to the type of instruction when cleared for an approach. You can be instructed to only establish on the LOC and not follow the G/S, follow the ILS (both G/S and LOC), or a clearance for an another non-precision approach.


When established and in the final phase of the approach, you will be transferred to Tower Control. You will receive a clearance to land or an instruction to continue the approach (with or without a speed restriction). When reaching the DH(A) without a landing clearance you should initiate a go-around and follow the published missed approach procedures unless a custom missed approach procedure is given (eg. In case of missed approach, fly runway heading to DME 5 BEO VOR, then turn right heading 180 degrees, climb to 5000ft.)


After reporting runway vacated, arriving traffic should expect information about outside air temperature and instruction for taxing to the apron and parking position. At the end of this instruction ATC will say good bye to the pilot. At this moment all transmissions between pilot and ATC stop (except in some irregular situations, such as emergency). Pilots should not report reaching parking position, engines shuting down or request engine shutdown.

It is very important to understand that since 1999. the airspace of Kosovo province is not under direct supervision of ACC Beograd. This is the arrea NATO-UNMIK protectorate, so all ATC operations are provided by NATO Controllers. Only traffic originating from or arriving to Pristina (LYPR / PRN) may enter airspace of Kosovo province. Other traffic, in enroute flight phase, should always avoid this province, except NATO flights, flying in Lower airspace.

Traffic arriving to or originating from Pristina should always enter/exit airspace of Kosovo from/to the south, via Skopje FIR (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia-FYROM). The entry point is XAXAN, the exit point is SARAX. (XAXAN can also be exit point but only with ATC authorization). Entering/exiting airspace of Kosovo from/to Beograd ACC is not approved (some special flights, with VIP aboard, arriving/departing Pristina, may enter/exit Kosovo province via BLC (Blace) VORDME 116.1 MHz, but only with ATC authorization).

Kosovo Lower Kosovo Upper Kosovo Entry/Exit points
Kosovo Lower Airspace Kosovo Upper Airspace Kosovo Enter/Exit point

If you look the chart of Upper airspace, you may see that all airways above Kosovo are closed. There are three possible routes for avoiding Air Safety Zone. The first option is to choose the UL617/UN128 airways. As you can see these two airways merge and become one airway at the part from VAGEN to RAXAD. Flying this airway you will avoid Kosovo province close to the east and reach FIR Skopje at RAXAD point. The second solution is to choose airways UN732 and UL604 . Flying these airways you will avoid Kosovo province to the west, and then over FIR Tirana ( Albania ) you will reach Skopje FIR. The last solution is to choose airways UN132 (MODRA-ALELU) for EASTBOUND only and UM127 (ALELU-BEDAK) for WESTBOUND only.

Flying these airways will avoid Kosovo to the west via Albanian airspace, like in second solution, but this time even closer to the restricted airspace. All these routes are also available in LOWER airspace (L617, N128, N732, L604, N132, M127) . The Only difference between lower and Upper airspace is that there are two airways over Kosovo that do not exists in Upper Airspace. They can ONLY be used for NATO flights and they are: eastbound M867 at the part from MODRA to KOGAT and westbound L608 at the part from LONTA to BEDAK. They can be used both for enroute NATO traffic and NATO traffic arriving or originating Pristina (LYPR / PRN).

Here is a short overview of important procedures for Kosovo Province, that follow the real world procedures and have been agreed with VATEUD.

1.  Airspace of Kosovo province, along with Pristina airport (LYPR / PRN) is not under supervision of Beograd ACC. Every pilot flying to/from Pristina should not contact our Controllers when he's above Kosovo province.

2.   All flights arriving to Pristina may only enter Belgrade FIR if their arriving ICAO is LYPR. Flights with BKPR as their Arrival ICAO will not be provided ATC service inside Belgrade FIR.

3.  Airspace of Kosovo province is RESTRICTED ZONE for all civilian enroute traffic , so every pilot should always avoid this airspace.

4.  Only traffic arriving to or originating from Pristina airport (LYPR / PRN) is allowed to enter this zone, but only from/to SOUTH over FIR Skopje ( Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia ). Enter point is XAXAN , exit point is SARAX (some special flights, with VIP aboard, arriving/departing Pristina, may enter/exit Kosovo province via BLC (Blace) VORDME 116.1 MHz, but only with ATC authorization).

5.  Routes for surrounding Air Safety Zone:

Upper Airspace:


Lower Airspace:


5.  ONLY for NATO flights, flying in LOWER airspace, there are two more available routes, which can be used both for enroute NATO traffic and NATO traffic arriving to or originating from Pristina (LYPR / PRN):M867 at the part from MODRA to KOGAT (eastbound) and L608 at the part from LONTA to BEDAK (westbound)

Belgrade - Nikola Tesla (LYBE / BEG), Serbia and Montenegro

Situated about 12 km west of Belgrade city (the capital of Serbia and Montenegro), and near the Surcin village, this is the biggest airport in the former Yugoslavia, and home base of national airline “JAT Airways”. Surrounded with plain and two rivers (Sava and Danube), equipped with modern, high precision systems this airport has not navigational limits and it is available for all types of aircraft in all conditions, 24 hours a day.

N44 49.2 E020 18.4
Elev 335’
Belgrade Tower 118.1 MHz
Belgrade Approach/Radar 119.1 MHz
ATIS 122.92 MHz
Rwy 12/30 3400x45 (+ 2x7,5 shoulders) m asphalt
23 Parking Positions (13 gates + 10 stands)
ILS Rwy 12 119 110.3 YUB CAT II
ILS Rwy 30 299 109.9 YBE CAT I
VOR DME BEO (Belgrade) 112.3 MHz
NDB KN (Belgrade) 380 kHz Rwy 12
NDB JA (Belgrade) 316 kHz Rwy 30
NDB OBR (Belgrade) 355 kHz Missed Apch Fix

Podgorica (LYPG / TGD), Serbia and Montenegro

Situated about 10 km south of Podgorica city (the capital of Montenegro), near the Golubovci village in the valley of Moraca and Zeta rivers, just on coast of Skadar lake and only about 15 km from Serbia & Montenegro / Albania border, this airport gives very interesting experience for pilots as well as for all passengers aboard looking through the windows. Hills which surround airport from west, north and east limit approach, so it is available only from south via Skadar lake. Pilots have to make descending circle above the lake, and also to be careful to do not overshoot the country border. This airport is home base of “Montenegro Airlines”. Podgorica airport is used for military aviation too.

N42 21.6 E019 15.1
Elev 118’
Podgorica Tower 118.2 MHz
Podgorica Approach 118.7 MHz
Rwy 18/36 2500x45m asphalt
3 Parking Positions (all 3 stands)
ILS Rwy 36 002 109.9 YUI CAT I
VOR DME POD (Podgorica) 113.0 MHz
NDB POD (Podgorica) 335 kHz
NDB GO (Podgorica) 420 kHz Rwy 36

Tivat (LYTV / TIV), Serbia and Montenegro

Situated just beside Tivat city, on the coast of Adriatic sea, and about 20 km north-west of Budva city (one of the most popular tourist center in this part of Adriatic), this airport has one of the most difficult and dangerous approach in the world. No matter if aircraft coming from the north-west via Boka Kotorska bay or from south-east across Budva city parallel with the coast, this airport requires high skilled pilots and maximum concentration for safe landing. Approach is difficult and dangerous due to lot of high hills which surround the airport, and also due to very often strong cross winds from the hills as well as from the sea. In summer time this airport is visited by many airlines, which organize charter flights for tourists. Due to bad terrain lighting around the airport, it is open only during day light in real life, but on VATSIM, you are free to fly to Tivat anytime.

N42 24.3 E018 43.4
Elev 20’
Tivat Tower 118.0 MHz
Rwy 14/32 2500x45m asphalt
7 Parking Positions (all 7 stands)
LOC DME Rwy 32 336 111.3 TIV Loc Crs offset 20 degrees
NDB TAZ (Tivat) 345 kHz Rwy 32
NDB RO (Tivat) 332 kHz Rwy 14

Nis (LYNI / INI), Serbia and Montenegro

Situated just beside Nis city (the biggest town is south part of Serbia), after reconstruction, this airport is available for almost all aircraft in the world. Due to it ideal location airport Nis may be alternate for even 4 international airports in region (Beograd,Sofia,Pristina and Skopje).
This airport is the most used for military operations, but civil traffic is growing up, so Nis airport has tendencies to become great international airport in the future, and the best alternate airport in region.

N43 20.2 E021 51.6
Elev 646’
NIS Approach (TWR) 129.32 MHz
Rwy 11/29 2200x45 m asphalt
2 Parking Positions (both two are stands)
VORDME Rwy 11 116 113.9 NIS VORDME